The organization of import / export deliveries “from door to door” is a search for goods, foreign suppliers, representation of interests of the Client, service of full or partial support by us of foreign economic contracts from contract preparation, accompanying and permitting documents, logistics from anywhere in the world and customs clearance. until the customer receives the cleared goods in his warehouse.
Export-import operations, as a rule, are connected with use of certain standard documents and forms, in particular, proforma invoices, purchase orders, commercial account (invoice), documentary letter of credit, bill of lading, certificate of origin of goods, act (certificate) of inspection goods, consular account, packing list and insurance certificate. Merchants engaged in international trade should have an idea of the proper use of these documents, as well as the potential vulnerabilities of each of these documents.
How do you distinguish between types of export-import operations?
Export. By export are meant and taken into account statistics:
- – supply of goods to other countries, which were manufactured, extracted, grown in the territory of the state, as well as imported from abroad and which have undergone further processing;
- – export of previously imported goods processed under customs control;
- – export of previously exported goods that have not been processed in the country of export. This export procedure is defined as re-export.
Imports. The definition of imports includes and statistics recorded:
– supply to the country of foreign goods directly from the country of origin or from an intermediary for personal consumption, for the needs of various enterprises, as well as for processing and export to other countries;
– supply of goods from registered warehouses and free zones;
– import of goods from abroad previously exported from the domestic market and processed. Such movement of goods is called re-import, which will also be discussed below.
– supply of goods for processing under the control of the customs service. This category includes goods imported into the country for processing and export of manufactured products, processed or crushed from imported goods. An example is olive oil supplied from abroad for the production of canned fish for export. In this case, the importer is exempt from payment of customs duties or customs control in the processing of these products.
Re-export involves the transportation outside the country of previously imported goods that were not subject to processing. Re-export can be used in such cases as:
– the usual continuation of foreign trade operations, in which products are imported for sale through auctions or exchanges. The buyer of the goods in this case may be a representative of a third country, and the goods will be exported abroad;
– change in the normal course of trade, in which the goods are sent to the buyer, but he is not able to make the payment provided for in the contract, in connection with which the products may be sold to a third country. This option belongs to forced re-export;
– trade operations, which are not preceded by previous import of products from abroad. In this case, the goods are shipped without the participation of the re-exporting state. Large enterprises operating in the field of international trade, for profit, use the current situation in which prices for the same products can vary greatly. Under these conditions, the state also receives income from the transportation of re-exported products through its own transport networks, from insurance premiums, lending and various intermediary operations;
– in the case of construction of large-scale facilities by foreign companies. In such cases, suppliers purchase certain groups of building materials, structures and equipment on the market of third countries and deliver them to the facility without importation into the country of re-export. Transactions that do not import products into the country of re-export, look like exports, but in the practice of international customs statistics they are usually classified as re-export operations.
Payments for export-import transactions are made at prices that include:
– the cost of imported equipment complete with materials and technical services;
– deductions for obtaining a license;
– the cost of products sold or purchased at exhibitions or fairs through trading partners;
– the cost of products leased to a foreign counterparty and transported across customs borders (accounted for separately).